Create basic request
To quickly create and execute basic request, select menu option 'Tools/Basic
or press 'Ctrl+B'
. You can specify the following data in the window that opens:
- Execution URL; enter URL against which you want to execute request, for example,
'http://www.example.com'. If you do not provide the protocol that you want to use, for example,
you enter only 'www.example.com', the 'http' protocol will
be prepended automatically.
- Request headers; specify request http headers that will be included with the request. Each header must be specified on a separate line,
name and value for each header must be separated by a colon. Particular header can be excluded by preceding it with a double forward slash. Excluded headers will be ignored during the execution and won't be part of the request data.
- Request encoding; specify encoding that will be used for the request.
- Method; select one of the methods available in the drop down or type the desired method name.
- Protocol version.
- Content type; select content type from the drop down or enter your own.
- Viewer; select pretty viewer for request body. This setting is only for more user-friendly display, you can safely leave this at default value (Text).
- Request data; the following upload types of request data are possible:
- String data type; to specify string request data, enter string data in the request data field or
click 'Build Request Body' button to build body from an existing HTML content. The body specified here will be
added to the request and will be encoded with the selected request encoding. Particular data item can be excluded by preceding it with a double forward slash. Excluded data items will be ignored during the execution and won't be part of the request data.
- Single file contents type; if you want to upload file from disk, select corresponding option and enter full path to the file on the disk.
You can also click button 'Browse Files' and browse for the file on the disk.
Multipart form data type; If you want to upload multipart form data, select corresponding option and enter each data element on a separate line,
you can also include files (with full paths) from your computer.
Content type should be set to 'multipart/form-data' (set automatically when this upload type is selected).
During upload process, HttpMaster will include all data elements with valid file path as files; others will be included as plain text data.
If you would like to include content type with particular element, specify content type value after the element value and separate them with vertical bar.
Particular data item can be excluded by preceding it with a double forward slash. Excluded data items will be ignored during the execution and won't be part of the request data.
Execute basic request
To execute basic request, click 'Execute selected request tab'
in the execution toolbar or press 'F5'
After the request is completed, the request/response data is displayed in the
panel below the request data. For more information about execution results, see
the corresponding topic.
To stop current execution, click 'Stop current execution'
button in the
execution toolbar or press 'Shift+F5'
If you would like to change execution timeout value, click corresponding button in toolbar and specify timeout value in seconds.
The value specified for execution timeout affects all basic request tabs.
Default timeout value
Default timeout value when basic request window is opened is set in the following way:
- If basic request window is opened directly (not via some project request item), default execution timeout value is set to the last used value (30 seconds on the first use).
- If basic request window is opened via some project request item, default execution timeout value is obtained from the project properties ('Request timeout' value in project properties).
Additional request options
The following additional request options are available:
- Follow Redirection Responses; if enabled, http return codes from redirection range (3xx) won't be returned to the application, but will automatically redirect.
- Create Persistent Connection; creates persistent/non-persistent connection by sending the 'Connection' header with the 'Keep-alive' or 'Close' values.
- Automatically Decompress Response Data; adds 'Accept-encoding' header and automatically decompresses received compressed data.
These options affect all basic request tabs.
If you have opened basic request directly (with menu option 'Basic Request'), authentication type is always 'Do not include authentication data'.
You can, however, change authentication data by opening authentication window and specifying authentication data.
If you have opened basic request via project request item (with menu option 'Open as Basic Request'), authentication type is set to the value specified in the project properties.
You can, however, change authentication data by opening authentication window and specifying different authentication data.
The value of property that specifies whether project authentication data should
be excluded with the request item does not have any effect.
See Authentication data
for more information.
If you would like to obtain authorization code from authentication provider, click 'Authorization Code' menu and specify necessary data.
See Authorization Code
for more information.
Insert authentication data in selected field
If you have obtained authentication data from third-party provider, you can use corresponding menus to insert it in the selected field. Put cursor in the field where you would like to insert the value, click corresponding button in the main toolbar and select desired authentication variable from the dropdown.
Insert project parameter value in selected field
If you have opened basic request window via project request items and you have parameters defined in the project, you can obtain default value of any parameter and use it in this window. To obtain the value of some project parameter, put cursor in the field where you would like to insert parameter value. Then click corresponding button in the main toolbar and select desired parameter from the dropdown.
This option is only visible if basic request window was opened via project request items.
If basic request window was opened via project request items but there are no parameters defined in the project, button for inserting parameter value is disabled.
Open project request items as basic request
Any project request item listed in the main window can be opened as basic request.
To open selected items in the basic request window, click 'Run/Open Selected Items in Basic Request Window'
menu option or press 'Ctrl+Shift+B'
and basic request window will be opened with the execution data of the selected request items (each selected item will be opened in its own tab).
Additional project items can also be opened when basic request window is already opened. To open additional project request item as basic request, double-click the desired item in the list available in the right part of the window. New tab will be created with the execution data of the selected request item.
It is important to note that this list is available only if basic request window was opened via project request item (menu option 'Open Selected Items in Basic Request Window'), otherwise it is hidden even if some project is currently opened in HttpMaster.
In Professional edition, it is also possible to open all project request items from particular execution group in basic request window.
How project properties are used
If you have opened basic request directly (with menu option 'Basic Request'), project properties of the possibly opened project won't be used when executing basic requests; execution engine will use default values.
This assures that executed basic requests are really 'basic' with default values used for execution.
If you have opened basic request via project request item (with menu option 'Open as Basic Request'), project properties will be used and will affect execution of basic requests.
Relative disk paths
Specifying relative disk paths (for upload files, for example) is only relevant if basic request window was opened via project request item. Since execution engine uses location of the project file to determine absolute path of the disk file, project file must be opened in HttpMaster and basic request window must be opened via project request item.
If you have defined custom validation rule for particular project request item and this item is opened as basic request,
execution of this basic request will evaluate all validations that are part of item's validation rule. You can review results of these validations on 'Validations' tab after the execution.
Note that 'Validations' tab will only contain relevant data if basic request tab was opened via project request item that has custom validation rule defined.
Save basic request data as project
If you would like to save basic request data as a new project, click button to create new project available in basic request window toolbar.
In the displayed window you will have to specify project name and name for each request item;
when project will be created, HttpMaster will create separate request item for each opened request tab. At the end of the operation, basic request windows will be closed and
newly created project will be immediately opened in the main window.
This option is only available if no project is currently opened in HttpMaster. If some project is opened in HttpMaster, button for creating new project is disabled.